Welcome to the literature area of the FIC Web site. Here you will find a collection of articles, books, fact sheets and technical memos, reports and studies related to saving farm and ranch land and supporting agriculture. You can filter by state, topic and/or type of document ("category"). Use the Search feature to conduct a more refined search.

Title: Conservation Issues and the Soil Conservation Service Program
Publisher: Norman A. Berg

From a speech given at the Soil Conservation Service New York AC/State Staff Conference in Long Island, New York.

Date: Monday, October 17, 1977 , Author: Norman A. Berg , Page Numbers: 8
Nid: 31354
Title: Conservation Markets for Agriculture: Issue and Discussion Paper
Publisher: Seattle, WA: American Farmland Trust

American Farmland Trust's “Conservation Markets Workshop and Listening Session for Agriculture” was held November 5, 2008, to engage the Pacific Northwest agriculture community in identifying challenges. The resulting discussion paper contains many models for how conservation markets can work for farmers in the region.Crazy Light Boost 2017 Low

Date: Wednesday, November 5, 2008 , Author: Don Stuart , Page Numbers: 23
Nid: 39237
Title: Conservation Needs in Montana
Publisher: Norman A. Berg

From a speech given at a meeting of the Montana Association of Conservation Districts in Lewistown, Montana.

Date: Thursday, December 12, 1974 , Author: Norman A. Berg , Page Numbers: 11
Nid: 31355
Title: Conservation of Man's Total Environment
Publisher: Norman A. Berg

From a speech given at the 3rd Annual Meeting of the Alaska Association of Soil Conservation Sub-Districts in Fairbanks, Alaska.

Date: Thursday, November 7, 1968 , Author: Norman A. Berg , Page Numbers: 22
Nid: 31361
Title: Conservation Options for Connecticut Farmland: A Guide for Landowners, Land Trusts & Municipalities
Publisher: Hartford, CT: American Farmland Trust , Publication Name: AFT Publication

Agriculture is deeply rooted in Connecticut. For generations, farms and farmers have been a cornerstone of communities throughout the state, providing:

• a bounty of fresh food and produce
• local jobs and tax revenues
• pastoral views and recreational opportunities
• wildlife habitat
• clean air and water

Connecticut’s agriculture is being uprooted, as farms give way to subdivisions and suburban sprawl has made farming a logistical and economic challenge. The escalating loss of farmland threatens not just the viability of an industry but also the state’s rural legacy and landscape.

Conservation Options for Connecticut Farmland aims to help landowners, land trusts and municipalities navigate the sometimes confusing array of public programs available to protect and steward their farmland. The guide also provides an overview of estate planning options and tax considerations, and includes case studies that highlight innovative and effective efforts to protect Connecticut’s working lands.

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Date: Monday, June 15, 2015 , Author: American Farmland Trust , Page Numbers: 20
Nid: 38186
Title: Conservation Options for Protecting Your Farm or Ranch
Publisher: Washington, DC: American Farmland Trust

The long-term protection of your farm or ranch goes together with estate planning strategies that help you transition your farm or ranch to the next generation. Land protection options like agricultural conservation easements can often be integrated into farm succession, transfer and estate planning. The following is a primer on some of the available strategies to help you ensure a future for your farmland or ranchland. 


Date: Monday, March 26, 2018 , Author: Jerry Cosgrove , Page Numbers: 8
Nid: 1983911715
Title: Conservation Options: A Landowners' Guide
Publisher: Washington, DC: Land Trust Alliance

Conservation Options: A Landowner's Guide is a 55-booklet that provides straightforward information about private land protection tools. It also summarizes federal tax incentives for conservation. Updated to reflect the most current tax law.Nike KD

Date: Saturday, January 2, 1993 , Author: Land Trust Alliance , Page Numbers: vi, 57
Nid: 29597
Title: Conservation Planning
Publisher: Washington, DC: National Conservation Planning Partnership

The National Conservation Planning Partnership (NCPP) published this comprehensive guide on the importance and future of conservation planning in the United States.

NCPP is made up of five partners committed to advancing conservation planning: NACD, NRCS, the National Conservation District Employees Association (NCDEA), the National Association of State Conservation Agencies (NASCA), and the National Association of RC&D Councils (NARC&Ds).Jordan Extra Fly

Date: Friday, January 1, 2016 , Author: National Conservation Planning Partnership , Page Numbers: 20
Nid: 1983911837
Title: Conservation Practices Adoption by Agricultural Landowners
Publisher: DeKalb, IL: American Farmland Trust , Publication Name: Center for Agriculture in the Environment Working Paper

Agricultural pollution of surface and ground water is a serious problem in the United States. The United States government plans to spend nearly $13 billion over the next six years (FY 2003-2008) to prevent and clean up pollution derived from crops, livestock, and other aspects of contemporary American agriculture (Rey, Penn, Knight, and Little, 2002). These conservation policies rely on the cooperation of the individual farmer to be effective. Yet, not enough is known about what influences agricultural landowners to adopt conservation measures. The factors that promote agricultural landowners to adopt appropriate conservation measures (or have their farm operators implement) must be explored to provide information on the ability to change behavior and the policy tools that are most effective to increase agricultural land stewardship. Such information helps to test the validity of present government conservation programs and to develop any needed reforms.
Two different research methodologies are used to investigate conservation practice adoption. First, the findings of an American Farmland Trust survey of 1,617 landowners in five states are analyzed via logistic regression to identify variables associated with an increased incidence of conservation practice use. Second, a subset of the original research population was re-interviewed over the phone. Most previous studies of conservation adoption have relied entirely on standardized surveys. However, it has been suggested that due to the inability of statistical models based on such surveys to predict adoption behavior, a more exploratory approach must be taken (Napier, 2001). Therefore, through open-ended questioning, I asked farmers, why they did or did not adopt conservation practices.Adidas Alphabounce Boost

Date: Friday, August 1, 2003 , Author: Lela M. Long , Page Numbers: 113
Nid: 29813
Title: Conservation Reserve Enhancement Program
Publisher: Northampton, MA: American Farmland Trust , Publication Name: Connection , Date: Thursday, July 1, 1999 , Author: Mollie Babize , Page Numbers: 1-2
Nid: 27700
Title: Conservation Tax Credits: A Landowner's Guide
Publisher: Boulder, CO: Conservation Resource Center

The Colorado Conservation Tax Credit is a unique tool by which landowners can preserve their land for generations to come. Take, for instance, the Kehmeier family. Dorothy and Norman Kehmeier’s 300-acre Delta County ranch has been in their family for 110 years. They have always wanted to protect their ranch from development and eventually pass it to their children. The Conservation Tax Credit provided them with the financial opportunity to accomplish this goal.

“We started considering conservation easements, but we couldn’t really afford to make such a huge financial donation. Then Colorado came up with the transferable tax credit system. We recognized it immediately as a way by which we could keep our land and still liquidate some of its value to meet our financial needs as we grow older.”

The Kehmeiers transferred their Credits through the Tax Credit Exchange and used the proceeds to upgrade their farm machinery, buy back original family acreage that had been sold off, and pass along some of the proceeds to their children. After watching Dorothy and Norman’ experience, many of their neighbors have followed suit, protecting hundreds of acres of open land in Delta County.Nike

Date: Thursday, March 1, 2007 , Author: Conservation Resource Center , Page Numbers: 16
Nid: 35026
Title: Conserving California's Harvest: A Model Mitigation Program and Ordinance for Local Governments
Publisher: Sacramento, CA: California Council of Land Trusts

This guidebook is intended as a resource for local governments that are developing mitigation programs for the conservation of farmland in California. The guidebook thoroughly discusses farmland mitigation policies and implementation strategies. It includes model policies and a model local ordinance. The California Council of Land Trusts developed this guidebook with input from experts in the fields of local governance, agriculture, conservation, law and mitigation. Air Jordan 12 Low

Date: Tuesday, July 29, 2014 , Author: Kate Kelly, Darla Guenzler, Dawn Van Dyke , Page Numbers: 68
Nid: 1983911433
Title: Consider the Land
Publisher: Norman A. Berg

From a speech given at the Ohio Federation of Soil and Water Conservation Districts.

Date: Tuesday, January 18, 1972 , Author: Norman A. Berg , Page Numbers: 15
Nid: 31409
Title: Consideracíones fundamentales en un plan de traspaso de una granja entre miembros de una familia
Publisher: Northampton, MA: American Farmland Trust

This fact sheet, translated here in Spanish, provides basic information about farm transfer planning. It is one in a collection of fact sheets produced as part of American Farmland Trust's Farmland Advisors project which created and trained a network of 80 professionals to provide guidance to farmers and farmland owners. Topics include: transitioning land to the next generation, finding a farmer to work the land, and matching farm seekers with farm owners.Air Force 1 Mid Flyknit

Date: Thursday, October 1, 2015 , Author: Farmland Advisors, translated by Maria Rojas , Page Numbers: 2
Nid: 1983911489
Title: Considerations in Drafting Wildlife Easements on Agricultural Lands
Publisher: Northampton, MA: American Farmland Trust , Publication Name: Connection , Date: Friday, October 1, 1999 , Author: Mollie Babize , Page Numbers: 4-5
Nid: 27709
Title: Constructing a Succession Plan
Publisher: Ames, IA: Iowa State University Extension and Outreach

Historically, relatively few farm and ranch businesses have survived the generation of their founding. In most instances, farm businesses go through a family farm cycle with the firm peaking in efficiency about midway through the life cycle followed by a decline in efficiency in later years.  In recent years, an increasing but still relatively small proportion of farm and ranch firms have been pursuing an objective of continuation of the firm beyond the lifespan of those founding the firm. For those operations, a succession plan can provide helpful guidance as individuals move into and out of the firm in keeping with their own individual life cycle.New Balance

Date: Saturday, November 1, 1997 , Author: Neil E. Harl , Page Numbers: 2
Nid: 1983911124
Title: Construction '69 - Military and Public Works: The Future Construction Program of the Soil Conservation Service
Publisher: Norman A. Berg

From a speech given at the Associated General Contractor's Convention.

Date: Wednesday, January 1, 1969 , Author: Norman A. Berg , Page Numbers: 17
Nid: 31438
Title: Consumer Perceptions of the Safety, Health and Environmental Impact of Various Scales and Geographic Origin of Food Supply Chains
Publisher: Ames, IA: Leopold Center for Sustainable Agriculture , Publication Name: Leopold Center for Sustainable Agriculture

Concerns have increased about the environmental impacts and safety of our food supply in the past several years. This public uneasiness has spurred multiple investigations of where and how food is produced and the corresponding impacts on our environment and climate. In addition, the consumer demand for local food products nationwide has risen. Given these developments, the Leopold Center's Marketing and Food Systems Initiative conducted consumer market research in July 2007 to examine the complex relationships among food safety, health, greenhouse gas emissions and climate change, and different food system scales (local, national, global).

Specific objectives for this research were to:
1. Ascertain consumer perceptions regarding food safety, within the context of where their food comes from and how it is grown;
2. Assess consumer understanding of the impact that various scales and production methods of the food system have on greenhouse gas emissions;
3. Determine whether consumers are willing to pay more for a food system that has a net reduction in greenhouse gas emissions; and
4. Gauge consumer perceptions of health benefits from local and organic foods.Nike KD

Date: Saturday, September 1, 2007 , Author: Rich Pirog and Andy Larson , Page Numbers: 45
Nid: 37141
Title: Control of Phosphorus from Agricultural Land in the Great Lakes Basin
Publisher: Norman A. Berg

From a speech given at a conference on Phosphorus Management Strategies for the Great Lakes in Rochester, New York.

Date: Thursday, April 19, 1979 , Author: Norman A. Berg , Page Numbers: 16
Nid: 31439
Title: Controlling Development Rights: The Alternatives
Publisher: Ankeny, IA: Soil and Water Conservation Society , Publication Name: Journal of Soil and Water Conservation , Date: Thursday, January 1, 1976 , Author: Leslie Small and Donn A. Derr , Page Numbers: 190-194
Nid: 29567