This report is created to assess all components of a regional food system in the 12 central Ohio counties, to make policy recommendations to local governments, and to serve as a resource to businesses and organizations on food decisions.
Welcome to the literature area of the FIC Web site. Here you will find a collection of articles, books, fact sheets and technical memos, reports and studies related to saving farm and ranch land and supporting agriculture. You can filter by state, topic and/or type of document ("category"). Use the Search feature to conduct a more refined search.
The state of Oregon implements central planning in its economic development strategy. Although it represents an effective method it also has its weak points. There is a tendency for biased representations of public demands by government officials. This gap could be addressed by opening communication lines between the central and local government and the general public. In addition, a policy for growth management program must be occasionally reviewed relative to general agreement.
From a speech given at the annual meeting of the Tennessee Association of Soil and Water Conservation Districts in Memphis, Tennessee.
From a speech given at the 6th Annual Convention of the Tennessee Chapter, Soil Conservation Society of America, in Gatlinburg, Tennessee.
From a speech given at the Joint Soil Conservation Service Extension Service Meeting in State College, Pennsylvania.
A comparative study of 135 fast-growth counties in the 1970s and 115 similar counties in 1980s was conducted to evaluate the impact of urbanization on cropland quality. Results indicated that urbanization did not have a direct effect on improving the quality of cropland bases. However, the results showed that land converted for agricultural use were more productive than those conventional agricultural land.
From a speech given at the Arizona Work Unit Conservationists' Conference in Phoenix, Arizona.
From a speech given at the Work Unit Conservationists' Conference in Salt Lake City, Utah.
Speech given at the Work Conservationists' Conference in Kansas.
The share of U.S. farms operated by women nearly tripled over the past three decades. Using Census of Agriculture data from 1978 through 2007, this report provides detailed information about women farmers and the types of farms they operate.
Food miles are the distance food travels from where it is grown to where it is ultimately purchased or consumed by the end user. The term food miles has become part of the vernacular among food system professionals when describing the farm to consumer pathways of food. A Weighted Average Source Distance (WASD) can be used to calculate food miles by combining information on the distances from production to point of sale and the amount of food product transported. This paper calculates the WASD or food miles for various types of fresh produce delivered to Iowa institutions from local sources. The data is compared to food miles calculated from an interpolation of conventional sources within the continental United States - the likely places these products would have originated from had local food not been available. The average WASD for locally grown produce to reach institutional markets was 56 miles, while the conventional WASD for the produce to reach those same institutional points of sale was 1,494 miles, nearly 27 times further. Conventional produce items traveled from eight (pumpkins) to 92 (broccoli) times farther than the local produce to reach the points of sale. Research is underway to determine how well consumers understand and value the concept of food miles within the context of their food purchase decisions.
Chicago: Eat Local, Live Healthy is a City of Chicago strategy to coordinate aspects of the local and regional food industry in ways that enhance public health and create food-related business opportunities. The strategy identifies food issues that, if restructured locally, could improve food quality, lower its cost and increase its availability for consumers. It also presents examples of public- and private-sector cooperation that could provide new employment and sustainable development opportunities.
This publication is intended as a quick-start guide to help citizens get up to speed on the terms, procedures and key issues in development. This effort is motivated by one central belief: The surest way to create neighborhoods, towns and metropolitan regions worthy of passing on to our children is to engage the full, informed participation of the people who live in them. It is our hope that, by leveling the playing field for citizens even a little bit, we can help make planning and development more collaborative and less adversarial.
This report is a picture of Oklahoma's food system, seen through the lens of community food security. It is an attempt to answer the question posed at the beginning of this piece: Is Oklahoma food secure? Two years in the making, this groundbreaking report features extensive research and original analysis. It is the first attempt to look at Oklahoma's food system from field to table, the first time that information about agriculture and agricultural markets have been combined with information on nutrition, health and food access into one report.
Closer to Home has a reader-friendly format. The report features about two dozen magazine-style articles about innovative people, businesses and
programs contributing positively to community food security in Oklahoma. The profiles run the gamut from a successful community garden at a small country school in Delaware County, to Oklahoma's own regional dairy, Braum's. Alongside the profiles, we examine the community food security issues raised by the articles. For example, alongside a profile of the Oklahoma Farm-to- School program, we explore the diet-related health problems of Oklahoma's kids. Along with a profile of Ricky and Claudia Crow's farm near Shawnee, we investigate the economic potential of farmers selling direct to consumers.
In the first five chapters of Closer to Home, we take an in-depth look at food insecurity in the state, as well as the diet-related health problems of Oklahomans and efforts to find solutions to these problems.
The factors influencing participation in both purchase of development rights and transfer of development rights farmland preservation programs are analyzed using data from a survey of agricultural landowners and from spatial data on individual farms collected using GIS for four Maryland counties. Generally, the likelihood of participation increases with farm size, growing crops, if a child plans to continue farming, eligibility and the share of income from farming. Landowners closer to the nearest city were less likely to join. Survey information about landowner characteristics and local selection committees may aid in targeting efforts.
Bioregionalists have championed the utility of the concept of the watershed as an organizing framework for thought and action directed to understanding and implementing appropriate and respectful human interaction with particular pieces of land. In a creative analogue to the watershed, permaculturist Arthur Getz has recently introduced the term "foodshed" to facilitate critical thought about where our food is coming from and how it is getting to us. We find the "foodshed" to be a particularly rich and evocative metaphor; but it is much more than metaphor. Like its analogue the watershed, the foodshed can serve us as a conceptual and methodological unit of analysis that provides a frame for action as well as thought. Food comes to most of us now through a global food system which is destructive of both natural and social communities. In this article we explore a variety of routes for the conceptual and practical elaboration of the foodshed.
While corporations which are the principal beneficiaries of a global food system now dominate the production, processing, distribution, and consumption of food, alternatives are emerging which together could form the basis for foodshed development. Just as many farmers are recognizing the social and environmental advantages to sustainable agriculture, so are many consumers coming to appreciate the benefits of fresh and sustainably produced food. Such producers and consumers are being linked through such innovative arrangements as community supported agriculture and farmers markets. Alternative producers, alternative consumers, and alternative small entrepreneurs are rediscovering community and finding common ground in municipal and community food councils. Recognition of one's residence within a foodshed can confer a sense of connection and responsibility to a particular locality. The foodshed can provide a place for us to ground ourselves in the biological and social realities of living on the land and from the land in a place that we can call home, a place to which we are or can become native.
From a speech given at the National Soil Conservation Service Conference in Rapid City, South Dakota.