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Minnesota Data and Statistics

Welcome to the Minnesota Statistics page. Here you will find frequently requested data specific to this state from AFT's Farms Under Threat: The State of the States report, the National Resources Inventory and the Census of Agriculture. You also can link to additional information and data sources.

On This Page

Farms Under Threat

National Resources Inventory

Census of Agriculture

Other Data Sources

Farms Under Threat: The State of the States

All estimates represent figures for the Conterminous U.S.

Total and Agricultural Land Cover/Use

Data Item Acres
Total land area in 2016 53,968,000
Agricultural land in 2016 24,957,600
Cropland in 2016 20,266,900
Pastureland in 2016 3,360,200
Rangeland  in 2016 100
Woodland in 2016 1,330,400
Agricultural land in 2001 24,400,200

High-quality Agricultural Land

Data Item Acres
Nationally Significant agricultural land in 2016 19,670,600
Nationally Significant agricultural land in 2001 19,464,500
Best agricultural land in 2016 15,777,700
Best agricultural land in 2001 15,413,200

Nationally Significant agricultural land is the land best-suited to long-term, intensive crop production within the Conterminous United States; and each state’s “best land” is approximately the better half of all agricultural land in each state. For more information about these categories of high-quality agricultural land and how they were identified, see the interactive website for Farms Under Threat: The State of the States, and the fact sheet about AFT’s Productivity, Versatility, and Resiliency (PVR) Analysis.

Agricultural Land Converted from 2001-2016

Data Item Acres
Agricultural land developed or compromised 179,900
Agricultural land converted to urban and highly-developed land use (UHD) 70,200
Agricultural land converted to low-density residential land use (LDR) 109,700
Nationally Significant agricultural land developed or compromised 85,600
Nationally Significant agricultural land converted to UHD 37,200
Nationally Significant agricultural land converted to LDR 48,400
Best agricultural land developed or compromised 33,500
Best agricultural land converted to UHD 4,200
Best agricultural land converted to LDR 29,300

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2012 National Resources Inventory

1997-2002 2002-2007 2007-2012 1982-2012
Agricultural land converted to developed land (acres) 75,200 44,900 27,700 470,900
Agricultural land at the beginning of the reporting period (acres) 26,380,800 26,163,100 26,025,000 26,862,200
Prime agricultural land at the beginning of the reporting period (acres) 17,045,700 16,978,400 16,881,200 17,148,600
Forest land converted to developed land (acres) 35,200 38,300 17,600 234,300
Other rural land converted to developed land (acres) NA 4,700 NA 28,400
Total surface area (acres) 54,009,900 54,009,900 54,009,900 54,009,900

Census of Agriculture

Data Item 2007 2012 2017
Farms 80,992 74,542 68,822
Land in Farms (acres) 26,917,962 26,035,838 25,516,982
Cropland (acres) 21,948,603 21,597,136 21,786,756
Permanent Pasture and Rangeland (acres) 1,469,816 1,271,242 1,073,788
Woodland (acres) 1,862,251 1,641,521 1,392,385
Land in Buildings (acres) 1,637,292 1,525,939 1,264,053
Total Land Area (acres) 53,968,002 53,968,002 53,968,002
All operators/All producers 119,650 111,311 113,415
All operators/All producers 34 and younger 10,135 9,491 10,207
All operators/All producers 65 and older 25,116 26,463 33,146
All producers with experience of 10 years or less on any farm 72,473
Principal producers 89,383
Principal producers 34 and younger 7,751
Principal producers 65 and older 28,213
Principal producers with experience of 10 years or less on any farm 16,910
Principal operators / Primary producers 80,992 74,542 68,822
Principal operators / Primary producers 34 and younger 5,117 4,904 5,570
Principal operators / Primary producers 65 and older 20,253 20,255 22,764
Primary producers with experience of 10 years or less on any farm 12,204
Market value of agricultural products sold $13,180,466,000 $21,280,184,000 $18,395,390,000
Average market value of agricultural products sold per operation $162,738 $285,479 $267,289
Market value of agricultural products sold directly to consumers $34,667,000 $33,573,000 $39,117,000
Market value of agricultural products sold directly to retail markets, institutions, and food hubs for local or regionally branded products $68,637,000

 

Notes on Changes to the 2017 Census of Agriculture

  • Producer characteristic data were collected for a maximum of four producers on each farm, up from a maximum of three producers in prior years.
  • Principal producer is a new term that identifies up to two main decision-makers on each farm, up from one principal operator in prior years.
  • Market value of agricultural products sold directly to consumers expanded to include value-added products.
  • Market value of agricultural products sold directly to retail markets, institutions, and food hubs for local or regionally branded products is a new data item.

 


Other Data Sources

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