Census of Agriculture

The Census of Agriculture is the most comprehensive source of data portraying our nation’s agriculture over time. The census is conducted every five years by the United States Department of Agriculture’s National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS). On April 11, 2019, NASS released the 2017 Census of Agriculture.

Census of Agriculture

2002 2007 2012 2017
Farms 2,128,982 2,204,792 2,109,303 2,042,220
Land in farms (acres) 938,279,056 922,095,840 914,527,657 900,217,576
Total land area (acres) 2,263,960,501 2,260,994,361 2,260,583,852 2,260,681,965
Principal operators / Primary producers* 2,128,982 2,204,792 2,109,303 2,042,220
Total operators / All producers* 3,115,172 3,337,450 3,180,074 3,399,834
Principal operators / Primary producers 34 and younger 123,059 118,613 119,833 121,754
Principal operators / Primary producers 65 and older 557,830 655,654 701,276 780,672
Land owned by principal operators 65 and older (acres) 200,722,873 232,257,320 239,753,356
Principal operators / Primary producers with less than 10 years on present farm 593,109 583,286 469,098 510,536
All producers / primary producers with 10 years or less on any farm 908,274 / 472,360
Market value of agricultural products sold ($1,000) 200,646,355 297,220,491 394,646,980 388,522,695
*Reflects new terms in 2017 Census of Agriculture
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