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Impacts of the Federal Farm and Ranch Lands Protection Program: An Assessment Based on Interviews with Participating Landowners–Summary of Findings
To examine the impact of the federal Farm and Ranch Lands Protection Program (FRPP), American Farmland Trust (AFT) initiated a study based on interviews with participating landowners. AFT collaborated with Dr. J. Dixon Esseks at the Center for Great Plains Studies of the University of Nebraska-Lincoln.
The research shows that the FRPP:
1. Keeps land available for agriculture
  • 96 percent of landowners said that at least some of their protected land was in active agricultural use, and nearly half said that all of their protect land was in production.
  • 70 percent of owners are farmers, and the proportion of producers is higher among those who purchase protected farms.
2. Improves agricultural viability
  • 84 percent of landowners who sold easements invested at least some of the proceeds in their operations or agricultural land.
  • Easement proceeds spent on agricultural purposes tended to be spent locally, bolstering the entire agricultural sector in communities with protected farms.
3. Encourages on-farm conservation
  • 75 percent reported the application of at least one conservation practice.
  • 20 percent used proceeds from the easement sale to install or expand conservation practices.
4. Helps farmers gain access to land
  • 55 percent of landowners who sold easements spent proceeds repaying loans on farm and ranch land they already owned or buying additional agricultural land.
  • 65 percent of landowners who had purchased protected land said the price was lower than comparable unprotected land.
  • 69 percent of the owners with succession plans said the next owner would be a farmer.


Publication Name
AFT Publication
Downloadable Documents
Jennifer Dempsey
Northampton, MA: American Farmland Trust
Page Numbers
Publication Date
August 01, 2013
Publication Type
Reports and Guides
Conservation Easements, Federal Farmland Protection Policies & Programs, Purchase of Agricultural Conservation Easements

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