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Maine Data and Statistics

Welcome to the Maine Statistics page. Here you will find frequently requested data specific to this state from AFT's Farms Under Threat: The State of the States report, the National Resources Inventory, the Census of Agriculture, and the Purchase of Agricultural Conservation Easement (PACE) program survey. You also can link to additional information and data sources.

On This Page

Farms Under Threat

National Resources Inventory

Census of Agriculture

Purchase of Agricultural Conservation Easement Programs

Other Data Sources

Farms Under Threat: The State of the States

All estimates represent figures for the Conterminous U.S.

Total and Agricultural Land Cover/Use

Data Item Acres
Total land area in 2016 20,906,400
Agricultural land in 2016 1,129,600
Cropland in 2016        586,200
Pastureland in 2016        137,800
Rangeland  in 2016                100
Woodland in 2016        405,500
Agricultural land in 2001 1,108,800

High-quality Agricultural Land

Data Item
Nationally Significant agricultural land in 2016        552,200
Nationally Significant agricultural land in 2001        545,500
Best agricultural land in 2016        564,100
Best agricultural land in 2001        556,800
Nationally Significant agricultural land is the land best-suited to long-term, intensive crop production within the Conterminous United States; and each state’s “best land” is approximately the better half of all agricultural land in each state. For more information about these categories of high-quality agricultural land and how they were identified, see the interactive website for Farms Under Threat: The State of the States, and the fact sheet about AFT’s Productivity, Versatility, and Resiliency (PVR) Analysis.

Agricultural Land Converted from 2001-2016

Data Item Acres
Agricultural land developed or compromised           17,700
Agricultural land converted to urban and highly-developed land use (UHD)             3,400
Agricultural land converted to low-density residential land use (LDR)           14,400
Nationally Significant agricultural land developed or compromised             6,900
Nationally Significant agricultural land converted to UHD 1,000
Nationally Significant agricultural land converted to LDR             5,900
Best agricultural land developed or compromised             7,100
Best agricultural land converted to UHD             1,100
Best agricultural land converted to LDR             6,100

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2012 National Resources Inventory

1997-2002 2002-2007 2007-2012 1982-2012
Agricultural land converted to developed land (acres) 12,100 8,600 6,800 76,200
Agricultural land at the beginning of the reporting period (acres) 630,,600 599,100 573,800 828,700
Prime agricultural land at the beginning of the reporting period (acres) 223,200 208,300 200,800 253,100
Forest land converted to developed land (acres) 79,500 45,800 18,700 289,500
Other rural land converted to developed land (acres) NA NA NA 7,100
Total surface area (acres) 20,966,200 20,966,200 20,966,200 20,966,200

Census of Agriculture

2002 2007 2012
Farms 7,196 8,136 8,173
Land in farms (acres) 1,369,768 1,347,566 1,454,104
Total land area (acres) 19,751,393 19,745,809 19,739,717
Principal operators 7,196 8,136 8,173
Total operators 11,346 13,063 13,406
Principal operators 34 and younger 323 396 550
Principal operators 65 and older 1,498 2,121 2,367
Land owned by principal operators 65 and older (acres) 293,632 397,073 490,473
Beginning farmers 2,348 2,414 2,425
Market value of agricultural products sold ($1,000) 463,603 617,190 763,062

Purchase of Agricultural Conservation Easement Programs

For summaries of PACE activity by state, use the links for the downloadable table or most recent fact sheets on the national statistics page under Purchase of Agricultural Conservation Easement Programs.

Other Data Sources

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