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South Dakota Data and Statistics

Welcome to the South Dakota Statistics page. Here you will find frequently requested data specific to this state from AFT's Farms Under Threat: The State of the States report, the National Resources Inventory and the Census of Agriculture. You also can link to additional information and data sources.

On This Page

Farms Under Threat

National Resources Inventory

Census of Agriculture

Other Data Sources

Farms Under Threat: The State of the States

All estimates represent figures for the Conterminous U.S.

Total and Agricultural Land Cover/Use

Data Item Acres
Total land area in 2016 49,356,700
Agricultural land in 2016 41,468,300
Cropland in 2016 17,085,200
Pastureland in 2016 2,312,100
Rangeland  in 2016 22,015,000
Woodland in 2016 56,000
Agricultural land in 2001 41,020,600

High-quality Agricultural Land

Data Item Acres
Nationally Significant agricultural land in 2016 14,448,300
Nationally Significant agricultural land in 2001 14,295,500
Best agricultural land in 2016 20,559,600
Best agricultural land in 2001 20,294,200

Nationally Significant agricultural land is the land best-suited to long-term, intensive crop production within the Conterminous United States; and each state’s “best land” is approximately the better half of all agricultural land in each state. For more information about these categories of high-quality agricultural land and how they were identified, see the interactive website for Farms Under Threat: The State of the States, and the fact sheet about AFT’s Productivity, Versatility, and Resiliency (PVR) Analysis.

Agricultural Land Converted from 2001-2016

Data Item Acres
Agricultural land developed or compromised 89,100
Agricultural land converted to urban and highly-developed land use (UHD) 22,900
Agricultural land converted to low-density residential land use (LDR) 66,100
Nationally Significant agricultural land developed or compromised 26,700
Nationally Significant agricultural land converted to UHD 11,500
Nationally Significant agricultural land converted to LDR 15,100
Best agricultural land developed or compromised 32,100
Best agricultural land converted to UHD 8,400
Best agricultural land converted to LDR 23,700

Learn More

2012 National Resources Inventory

1997-2002 2002-2007 2007-2012 1982-2012
Agricultural land converted to developed land (acres) 21,900 17,100 7,200 153,000
Agricultural land at the beginning of the reporting period (acres) 42,761,800 42,735,400 42,681,500 42,977,000
Prime agricultural land at the beginning of the reporting period (acres) 6,354,800 6,356,700 6,332,900 6,433,800
Forest land converted to developed land (acres) 5,000 2,300 NA 18,300
Other rural land converted to developed land (acres) NA NA NA 4,600
Total surface area (acres) 49,358,000 49,358,000 49,358,000 49,358,000

Census of Agriculture

Data Item 2007 2012 2017
Farms 31,169 31,989 29,968
Land in Farms (acres) 43,666,403 43,257,079 43,243,742
Cropland (acres) 19,094,311 19,147,320 19,813,517
Permanent Pasture and Rangeland (acres) 23,025,539 22,545,069 21,997,620
Woodland (acres) 258,973 294,445 284,905
Land in Buildings (acres) 1,287,580 1,270,245 1,147,700
Total Land Area (acres) 49,356,666 49,356,666 49,356,666
All operators/All producers 46,710 48,987 49,547
All operators/All producers 34 and younger 4,639 5,365 5,171
All operators/All producers 65 and older 10,398 11,187 14,996
All producers with experience of 10 years or less on any farm 31,826
Principal producers 39,136
Principal producers 34 and younger 3,808
Principal producers 65 and older 12,799
Principal producers with experience of 10 years or less on any farm 7,310
Principal operators / Primary producers 31,169 31,989 29,968
Principal operators / Primary producers 34 and younger 2,355 2,889 2,732
Principal operators / Primary producers 65 and older 8,234 8,551 10,187
Primary producers with experience of 10 years or less on any farm 5,232
Market value of agricultural products sold $6,570,450,000 $10,170,227,000 $9,721,522,000
Average market value of agricultural products sold per operation $210,801 $317,929 $324,397
Market value of agricultural products sold directly to consumers $6,158,000 $4,349,000 $3,354,000
Market value of agricultural products sold directly to retail markets, institutions, and food hubs for local or regionally branded products $6,652,000

Notes on Changes to the 2017 Census of Agriculture

  • Producer characteristic data were collected for a maximum of four producers on each farm, up from a maximum of three producers in prior years.
  • Principal producer is a new term that identifies up to two main decision-makers on each farm, up from one principal operator in prior years.
  • Market value of agricultural products sold directly to consumers expanded to include value-added products.
  • Market value of agricultural products sold directly to retail markets, institutions, and food hubs for local or regionally branded products is a new data item.

 


Other Data Sources

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