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Iowa Data and Statistics

Welcome to the Iowa Statistics page. Here you will find frequently requested data specific to this state from AFT's Farms Under Threat: The State of the States report, the National Resources Inventory, and the Census of Agriculture. You also can link to additional information and data sources.

On This Page

Farms Under Threat

National Resources Inventory

Census of Agriculture

Other Data Sources

Farms Under Threat: The State of the States

All estimates represent figures for the Conterminous U.S.

Total and Agricultural Land Cover/Use

Data Item Acres
Total land area in 2016 36,015,300
Agricultural land in 2016 30,983,600
Cropland in 2016 26,517,400
Pastureland in 2016 3,401,600
Rangeland  in 2016 0
Woodland in 2016 1,064,600
Agricultural land in 2001 30,398,800

High-quality Agricultural Land

Data Item Acres
Nationally Significant agricultural land in 2016 25,752,100
Nationally Significant agricultural land in 2001 25,403,300
Best agricultural land in 2016 16,813,800
Best agricultural land in 2001 16,724,100
Nationally Significant agricultural land is the land best-suited to long-term, intensive crop production within the Conterminous United States; and each state’s “best land” is approximately the better half of all agricultural land in each state. For more information about these categories of high-quality agricultural land and how they were identified, see the interactive website for Farms Under Threat: The State of the States, and the fact sheet about AFT’s Productivity, Versatility, and Resiliency (PVR) Analysis.

Agricultural Land Converted from 2001-2016

Data Item Acres
Agricultural land developed or compromised 114,200
Agricultural land converted to urban and highly-developed land use (UHD) 75,400
Agricultural land converted to low-density residential land use (LDR) 38,800
Nationally Significant agricultural land developed or compromised 74,400
Nationally Significant agricultural land converted to UHD 49,300
Nationally Significant agricultural land converted to LDR 25,100
Best agricultural land developed or compromised 23,000
Best agricultural land converted to UHD 6,500
Best agricultural land converted to LDR 16,500

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2012 National Resources Inventory

1997-2002 2002-2007 2007-2012 1982-2012
Agricultural land converted to developed land (acres) 60,400 50,800 34,100 287,800
Agricultural land at the beginning of the reporting period (acres) 30,486,500 30,302,200 30,168,800 30,915,400
Prime agricultural land at the beginning of the reporting period (acres) 17,722,200 17,669,000 17,619,900 17,843,200
Forest land converted to developed land (acres) 13,200 11,600 5,500 44,400
Other rural land converted to developed land (acres) 3,200 3,500 1,600 9,800
Total surface area (acres) 36,016,500 36,016,500 36,016,500 36,016,500

Census of Agriculture

2002 2007 2012
Farms 90,655 92,856 88,637
Land in farms (acres) 31,729,490 30,747,550 30,622,731
Total land area (acres) 35,756,387 35,747,594 35,748,541
Principal operators 90,655 92,856 88,637
Total operators 127,166 136,068 131,535
Principal operators 34 and younger 6,151 6,278 6,242
Principal operators 65 and older 22,391 25,996 26,105
Land owned by principal operators 65 and older (acres) 5,622,455 7,428,263 6,759,022
Beginning farmers 18,845 18,752 15,949
Market value of agricultural products sold ($1,000) 12,273,634 20,418,096 30,821,532

Other Data Sources

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